hydration of nucleosides in dilute aqueous solutions - ultrasonic velocity and density measurements

Buckin V.A., Kankiya B.I. and Kazarian R.L.

Biophys. Chem., 34, pp. 211-223 (1988)

The values of the concentration increments of the ultrasound velocity and their temperature slopes, apparent molar volumes, apparent molar expansibilities, apparent molar adiabatic compressibilities and their temperature gradients for 12 nucleosides and their analogs, as well as for ribose and deoxyribose, have been obtained using precision measurements of ultrasound velocity and density. The following hydration parameters for the atomic groups of the nucleosides, reflecting the state of water in the hydration shells of these groups, have been analyzed: (1) the contribution of ribose to the values of the concentration increment of ultrasound velocity A, the apparent molar volumes φv and apparent molar adiabatic compressibilities φks of nucleosides; (2) contributions of the CH3, NH2 and 0= H groups of nucleic bases to the A, φv and φks values of nucleosides and free nucleic bases; (3) contributions of the 2 OH group of ribose to the values of A, φv and φks nucleosides; (4) changes in the A values of nucleosides and free nucleic bases upon their protonation and deprotonation. Data have been obtained on the mutual influence of the atomic groups of nucleosides on their hydration. It is shown that the GC pairs of free deoxynucleosides undergo hydration more vigorously than the AT pairs, which contrasts with the relation of the degree of hydration of the GC and AT pairs of the double helix.

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